Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, so the heart has some trouble to pump blood to the rest of the body.
The main types of Cardiomyopathy are:
Dilated, the heart is weakened, preventing it from pumping enough blood to the body.
Hypertrophic prevents blood from leaking from the heart.
Restrictive, causes the heart to be unable to contract properly or to become insufficiently filled.
Peripartum occurs during the gestation period or after the first five months of pregnancy.
Long-term high blood pressure
Heart damage from a Heart Attack
Constant fast heart rate
Heart valve problems
Being an alcoholic for many years
Use of drugs
Chemotherapy or radiation
Certain infections or viruses
Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
Swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs
Fainting during any physical activity
Chest discomfort or chest pain
Cough while lying down
Family history of Cardiomyopathy or cardiovascular disease
Excessive consumption of alcohol
Consumption of drugs
Conditions that affect the heart
Some chemotherapy and radiation therapy drugs for cancer
Your Cardiology specialist will diagnose Cardiomyopathy based on your medical records, family history, a physical exam, and some tests like:
Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
MRI - Magnetic resonance Imaging
The treatment provided by your Cardiologist will depend on the severity of the Cardiomyopathy. As a first step, the Cardiologist will be in charge of controlling the symptoms and acting immediately to prevent the disease from worsening, avoiding possible complications.
Treatment for Cardiomyopathy will be according to its severity; common treatment options include:
Surgical implant devices
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, this device detects an abnormal heart rhythm and helps restore a normal heart rhythm.
Ventricular assist devices help the heart pump from the lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles) to the rest of the body.
Pacemaker allows control of abnormal heart rhythms
When you have already been diagnosed with Cardiomyopathy, follow the treatment provided by your Cardiologist.
Some things to consider that could help improve the quality of life are:
Attend your appointments with the Cardiologist
Controls high blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar
Do not use drugs or alcohol.
Take your prescription, don't miss your appointments with your Cardiologist, and live happily, don't worry about it. You can do it!
Make your appointment with the doctor in case of presenting any of the mentioned symptoms or in case of detecting another abnormal symptom.
The Cardiologist is in charge of treating Cardiomyopathy, will be responsible for making a diagnosis to identify the cause of the symptoms and identify the severity of the condition.
When consulting your Cardiologist try to keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.
BlueNetHospitals - Hospital Los Cabos
The stress test examines how the heart works during physical activity.
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