In Menopause, the woman stops having menstrual cycles, which is a natural biological process. It is possible to diagnose it after twelve months have passed without having had a menstrual period. Menopause usually occurs around the ages of 40 and 50.
However, the physical and emotional symptoms of Menopause can decrease energy, affect emotional health, among other things. There are effective treatments that women can take to improve their quality of life.
Menopause can be due to the following:
Age, the wear and tear of reproductive hormones
Hysterectomy, a procedure in which the uterus is removed, a total hysterectomy causes menopause immediately
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy
Primary or premature ovarian failure, early menopause occurs, when the ovaries do not produce normal levels of reproductive hormones
The following are some of the possible symptoms:
Sudden mood swings
Irregularities in the menstrual period
Loss of volume of the breasts
Diagnosis of Menopause
Usually, the signs and symptoms are enough for women to know that Menopause has started.
If you have questions about menstrual periods, see your OBGYN.
The Gynecologist may perform blood tests to check the levels of:
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen (estradiol), because the level of FSH increases and estradiol decreases in Menopause
Thyrotropin (TSH), an underactive thyroid, can cause symptoms similar to those of Menopause.
Treatment of Menopause
Medication is not necessary to treat Menopause. However, the ObGyn can suggest treatments to alleviate symptoms and prevent chronic disorders that may arise with old age.
The following are the most common treatments:
Hormone therapy, estrogen therapy
Medications for the prevention of osteoporosis
Vitamin D supplements help strengthen bones
Living with Menopause
Menopause is a stage with many physical changes and alterations in the mood of women. Some things to consider that could help improve the quality of life are:
Get regular and continuous physical exercise
Do not use drugs or alcohol
Do not smoke
Reduce your salt intake
Attend therapies (yoga, meditation, relaxation exercises)
When do you have to see a doctor?
Make your appointment with the ObGyn if you present any of the symptoms above or to detect another abnormal sign.
When consulting your ObGyn, please keep a record of your pain with a detailed description of the symptoms, duration, and what you think triggered them. Also, mention any medications you are taking.
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