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Advanced General Surgery

Gastrointestinal-bleeding

Gastrointestinal-bleeding
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a disorder of the digestive system, which consists of blood loss through the digestive tract. It appears as blood in the stool or vomit.The intensity or level of bleeding can change and if not treated it can be fatal. Gastrointestinal bleeding is classified in two ways:
  • Upper, originates from the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum (first part of the small intestine) 
  • Lower, originate in the small intestine or colon

Symptoms

Gastrointestinal bleeding can present with the following symptoms:
  • Fresh or semi-digested blood present in the stool
  • Vomiting blood
  • Bowel sounds
  • Weakness
  • Fainting, dizziness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cold sweat
  • Tachycardia
  • Shock
  • Difficulty breathing

Causes

Gastrointestinal bleeding occurs due to various factors, these can vary according to the severity of the bleeding, we group the following: 
  • Anal fissure 

  • Hemorrhoids 

  • Tumors

  • Colon cancer

  • Small intestine cancer

  • Intestinal polyps (precancerous disease)

¿When to see a doctor?
Contact a doctor if you have any of the symptoms mentioned. 
If you are diagnosed with upper (acute) gastrointestinal bleeding, please go to or call the emergency number +52 (624) 104 3911 for help immediately.

Prevention

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To avoid digestive bleeding, follow the following prevention measures:
  • Don't abuse alcohol
  • Restrict consumption of anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Don´t smoke
  • Perform a Check-Up annually to find out your health status and attend to any situation on time