Dyslipidemia is a condition in which there are unhealthy levels of one or more types of lipids (fats) in the blood.
Blood contains three main types of lipids:
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL)
If you have Dyslipidemia, it means your LDL levels or triglycerides are too high. It can also mean that your HDL levels are too low.
High levels of LDL and triglycerides put you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke. Low HDL cholesterol levels are linked to an increased risk of heart disease. It is important to become familiar with the recommended cholesterol levels according to age.
Myth: I only need to test my cholesterol levels if I am over 30 years old.
Fact: The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that you first be screened at ages 9-11, then at ages 17-21. After age 21 it is recommended to test annually.
Myth: Only people who are overweight or obese have high cholesterol.
Fact: No matter what your weight, even if you stay fit, you can still have high cholesterol. Obviously, the probability of having high cholesterol is greater if you are overweight, if you lead a sedentary life and do not take care of your diet.
Myth: High cholesterol is only a problem for men.
Fact: Atherosclerosis is more common in women than in men. Pregnancy and premature menopause are some of the factors that can affect cholesterol levels.
Myth: My cholesterol levels are caused by my diet and physical activity.
Fact: It is indeed true, but they are not the only factors. They also influence: age, heredity, and weight. That is why we must take care of our diet, to keep our heart healthy and avoid heart disease.
Myth: If I take medication to lower my cholesterol levels, I no longer need to change my diet or lifestyle.
Fact: It is essential that if you have been found to have high bad cholesterol, you follow the treatment as your doctor indicates, but you also have to make adjustments in your day-to-day life. Start with a balanced diet and 30 minutes of physical activity daily.
Myth: Children don't have cholesterol problems.
Fact: Unfortunately yes. There are children who can inherit high cholesterol levels from their father or mother. It is a condition called Familial Hypercholesterolemia. A timely diagnosis with your Pediatrician will be the best way to avoid future risks.
Specific types of primary Dyslipidemia include:
Familial hypercholesterolemia and polygenic hypercholesterolemia. Both are characterized by high total cholesterol. You can calculate your total cholesterol by adding your LDL and HDL levels, along with half of your triglyceride level. A total cholesterol level of less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) is best.
Causes that can lead to Dyslipidemia include:
Being obese and having a sedentary lifestyle
Food high in saturated fat and trans fat
Consuming alcohol in excess
However, Dyslipidemia can cause some cardiovascular disease, which can be symptomatic. High levels of LDL cholesterol are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), which is the blockage of the arteries in the heart, and peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the blockage of the arteries in the legs.
If one or both parents have Dyslipidemia, the risk of developing it is high. Being older is also a risk factor for high cholesterol. Women tend to have lower LDL levels than men until menopause. It is at this stage that women's LDL levels begin to rise.
Other medical conditions that can increase the risk of developing Dyslipidemia include:
A low level of HDL cholesterol is associated with a high LDL level, although these levels do not always move together.
A simple blood test in our Laboratory will reveal if your cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high, low, or healthy. These numbers can change from year to year, so annual blood tests are recommended.
If you take medicine for Dyslipidemia, your doctor may ask you to have more frequent blood tests.
Your doctor may also prescribe other cholesterol medications, which can be taken in addition to statins. There are many pros and cons to consider when choosing medications to control cholesterol.
These non-statin drugs include:
Fibrates, such as fenofibrate (Fenoglide)
It is essential to consult a specialist in Cardiology if you suspect that your cholesterol and triglyceride levels may be at suboptimal levels, so he can make a proper diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
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