Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that forms in breast tissues and is treated by an Oncologist. It occurs when cells in the breast begin to grow uncontrollably and group together to form a tumor. Time is crucial; an annual check-up or a visit to an Oncologist (if symptoms are already present) is essential for timely diagnosis.
There are several types of breast cancer, each with unique characteristics and behaviors. Some of the most common types include:
Angiosarcoma is a rare breast cancer originating in blood or lymph vessels. It presents as a tumor that can overgrow and tends to be aggressive. It's often challenging to diagnose and treat due to its rarity and invasive behavior.
Inflammatory breast cancer is an aggressive and uncommon type of cancer that causes redness, swelling, and pain in the breast. It's often mistaken for an infection due to its visible symptoms and may affect nearby lymph nodes.
Recurrent breast cancer refers to the reappearance of cancerous cells after successful initial treatment. It can appear in the same area or spread to other body parts.
Although rare, men can also develop breast cancer. This type of cancer affects breast tissue in men and may present as a lump in the chest or changes in nipple skin.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is an early type of breast cancer in which cancer cells are found in the breast's ducts but have not invaded surrounding tissues.
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) originates in the breast's lobules and is found early when cancer cells are confined to their origin. Although not considered invasive, treatment or monitoring may be required to prevent progression.
Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) develops from the breast's lobules and can invade surrounding tissues and spread to other body parts.
Paget's disease of the breast is a rare type of breast cancer that affects the skin of the nipple and areola. It manifests with symptoms like redness, itching, scaling, and crusting in the nipple area.
Breast cancer symptoms can vary, but it is crucial to stay alert for changes in the breasts. These may include:
A lump or thickening in the breast with a texture different from the surrounding tissue
Alteration in the size, shape, or appearance of the breast
Changes in the skin surface covering the breast, including the formation of small indentations
Recent nipple retraction
Scaling, exfoliation, crusting, or flaking of the pigmented skin around the nipple (areola) or breast skin
Redness or the presence of tiny holes in the skin covering the breast, similar to the texture of orange peel
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential not to delay and schedule an appointment with an Oncologist.
The exact cause of breast cancer is not yet fully understood, but a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors are thought to contribute to its development.
Inherited genetic mutations, such as those in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, are linked to a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Additionally, changes in hormonal levels throughout a woman's life can influence risk.
Several risk factors can increase the chances of developing breast cancer. These include:
Family history of the disease
Prolonged exposure to estrogen
Excessive alcohol consumption
Lack of physical activity
While some of these factors may be out of our control, it is essential to recognize them and take preventive steps like visiting an Oncologist.
Prevention plays a critical role in the fight against breast cancer. Preventive measures include living a healthy lifestyle, maintaining a proper weight, engaging in regular physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption, and undergoing regular medical examinations.
Early detection is also essential, emphasizing the importance of mammograms and breast self-examination.
Breast cancer treatment varies depending on the type and stage of the disease. Options include Surgical Oncology to remove the tumor, radiotherapy to destroy cancer cells, chemotherapy to eliminate cancer cells throughout the body, and hormonal therapy to block hormones feeding specific types of breast cancer. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are also options in some cases.
At BluenetHospitals, we're committed to your well-being and health. Our highly qualified and compassionate Oncology team is here to provide you with the support and personalized care you need at every step. Whether you're seeking treatment or want to take preventive measures through regular visits, we're here to care for you. Schedule an appointment!
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